WHAT IS A DENTAL IMPLANT?
When you are missing one or more teeth and you don’t want to have denture of bridge, you might consider having a dental implant.
Dental implants provide a more natural tooth replacement than dentures because they’re artificial teeth that are attached directly to the jawbone. To benefit from dental implants, you must be in good health (aside from missing teeth) and have a fully developed and healthy jawbone – healthy gums and a healthy jawbone are needed to support the implants.
If you’re healthy and your dentist determines that you’re a good candidate for implants, he or she will schedule the procedure to take place either at the dentist’s office under local anesthesia or at a hospital under general anesthesia, depending on the patient’s particular dental health needs and the amount of surgery that is required.
But implants aren’t a good choice for everyone. Pregnant women and people with chronic illness or immunosuppression (due to the increased risk of infection during surgery), children (because their jawbones are still developing) and people who grind or clench their teeth (this habit can put too much pressure on implants) are not good candidates for dental implants.
Keep in mind that the surgery to place dental implants takes several hours, and more than one procedure may be needed. So anyone who is at increased risk for infection may not want to choose dental implants.
If you’re healthy and you undergo surgery for dental implants, be sure to follow your dentist’s instructions for oral hygiene-including twice-daily toothbrushing and daily flossing – following the procedure to keep your new teeth clean and healthy.
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF DENTAL IMPLANT
1.) Dental implants reduce the load on the remaining oral structures/teeth by offering independent support and retention to crowns, bridgework and overdentures.
2.) Dental implants preserve natural tooth tissue by avoiding the need to cut down adjacent teeth for conventional bridgework.
3.) Dental implants will preserve bone and significantly reduce bone resorption and deterioration that results in loss of jawbone height.
4.) Dental implants have been shown to reduce the need for subsequent restorative intervention of adjacent teeth.
5.) Long-term data on implants suggest that implants last for a much longer time than conventional restorations on teeth.
6.) Loose fitting dentures can be replaced with improved support, stability and retention with implant overdentures.
7.) Overdentures will help control/improve facial contours that result in minimizing premature wrinkles.
8.) Implant overdentures may allow you to chew your food better and speak more clearly. Many studies have shown that overdentures contribute to improved chewing efficiency and speaking, compared to full dentures.
1.) A surgical procedure for implant placement and a period of healing is necessary before the prosthesis may be completed.
2.) Dental implant procedures may entail an increase in cost compared to conventional dentistry.
3.) Mechanical fracture of fixtures, bridges, bridge attaching screws or abutment screws and loosening of screws can occur. Reported occurrences are less than 5% of patients. Trauma to the mouth or jaws or stress concentration from the bridge could result in mechanical failure and complications.
4.) Porcelain fracture of crowns and bridgework on implants is much more prevalent than on natural teeth due to a lack of shock-absorbency between the implants and the bone.